1965 - Executive Order 11246 issued on this date.
1986 - Japanese Prime Minister Insults Blacks
1977 - John T. Walker installed as the first Black bishop of the Episcopal diocese of Washington
1962 -University of Mississippi ordered to admit James Meredith's
1957 - President Eisenhower ordered federal troops
1957 - Black Students Escorted To School
1954 - Designer Patrick Kelly was born
1953 - Take a Giant Step opens on Broadway
1935 - Joe Louis draws million dollar gate
1931 - Cardiss Robertson Collins was born
1894 - Sociologist and author Edward Franklin Frazier was born
1883 - National Black convention met in Louisville, Kentucky
1825 - Author Frances Watkins Harper was born
Executive Order 11246 enforces affirmative action for the first time Issued by President Johnson, the executive order requires government contractors to “take affirmative action” toward prospective minority employees in all aspects of hiring and employment.
On this date in 1986, Japanese Prime Minister Yasuhiro Nakasone said the United States “intelligence levels are lower than those in Japan because of African Americans, Hispanics and Puerto Ricans.” Nakasone later apologized saying his remarks were misinterpreted.
On this date in 1977, John T. Walker installed as the first Black bishop of the Episcopal diocese of Washington.
On this date in 1962, U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals ordered Board of Higher Education of Mississippi to admit Meredith to the university or be held in contempt.
On this date in 1957, President Eisenhower ordered federal troops to Little Rock, Ark., to prevent interference with school integration at Central High School.
On this date in 1957, Soldiers of 101st Airborne Division escorted nine Black students to Central High school.
On this date in 1954, Patrick Kelly, first and only American fashion designer admitted to an exclusive organization of French fashion designers, was born
On this date in 1935, World Heavyweight Champion, Joe Louis, becomes the first Black boxer to draw a million dollar gate. 88,000 fans paid out $1,000,832 to see Max Baer fight Joe Louis in a non-title bout at Yankee Stadium, in the Bronx, NY.
On this dated in 1931, Representative Cardiss Robertson Collins, elected the U.S. House of Representatives was born
On this date in 1894, Sociologist and author Edward Franklin Frazier was born on this day. During his lofe time Frazier published 8 books, 89 articles and 18 chapters in books edited by others.
Some of Frazier’s writings caused controversy among the black community for their focus on the impact of slavery and economics and how it divided the black family.
Some of his published works included:
The Free Negro Family: a Study of Family Origins Before the Civil War (Nashville: Fisk University Press, 1932)
The Negro Family in Chicago (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1932)
The Negro Family in the United States (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1939)
Negro Youth at the Crossways: Their Personality Development in the Middle States (Washington, D.C.: American Council on Education, 1940)
The Negro Family in Bahia, Brazil (1942)
The Negro in the United States (New York: Macmillan, 1949)
The Integration of the Negro into American Society (editor) (Washington, D.C.: Howard University Press, 1951.
Bourgeoisie noire (Paris: Plon, 1955)
Black Bourgeoisie (translation of Bourgeoisie noire)(Glencoe, IL: Free Press, 1957)
Race and Culture Contacts in the Modern World (New York: Knopf, 1957)
The Negro Church in America (New York: Schocken Books, 1963)
On Race Relations: Selected Writings, edited and with an introduction by G. Franklin Edwards, (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1968)
On this date in 1883, National Black convention met in Louisville, Kentucky.
On this date in 1825, Author Frances Ellen Watkins Harper was born. In 1859, she became the first black woman to publish a short story. Her only novel, Iola Leroy; or Shadows Uplifted (1892), was the first book by a black writer to depict the life of African Americans in the Reconstruction-era South.